There are handful of android file transfer applications available for Linux. Android File Transfer is an MTP utility client to transfer data between Android and Linux. It is a clone of Android File Transfer which is available for Mac OS.
It is very simple and has very minimalistic easy to use user interface, this program is written in Qt. If you are having difficulty mounting your Android device then give this application a shot and you won't regret it "It just works".

It lets you download files/directories and upload files/directories, create new directories and delete something from your Android device. It has drag and drop support, you can view the progress of file transfer. Also CLI tool available if you are more terminal geek.


Features:
  • Simple Qt UI with progress dialogs.
  • FUSE wrapper (If you'd prefer mounting your device), supporting partial read/writes, allowing instant access to your files.
  • No file size limits.
  • Automatically renames album cover to make it visible from media player.
  • USB 'Zerocopy' support found in recent Linux kernel (no user/kernel data copying)
  • No extra dependencies (e.g. libptp/libmtp).
  • Available as static/shared library.
  • Command line tool (aft-mtp-cli)

Available for Ubuntu 17.10 Artful/17.04 Zesty/16.04 Xenial/Linux Mint 18/17/other Ubuntu derivatives
Install Android File Transfer in Ubuntu/Linux Mint open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:


Available for Debian and other Debian based distributions
Install Android File Transfer in Debian and its derivatives open Terminal and copy the following commands in the Terminal:

To run use this command:

Available for Fedora
Install Android File Transfer in Fedora open Terminal and copy the following commands in the Terminal:

To run use this command:

That's it
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