There’s no better way to prove your credibility in the IT sphere and improve your career prospects than earning the relevant globally recognized certifications. The Cisco certifications, in particular, are ideal for bringing your career goals to fruition.
One of the best things about the Cisco credentials is that all of them align to industry-recognized areas to help you showcase your skills in the specific field. Ranging from the Cisco CCNA credentials to CCDP, CCNP and the topmost CCIE certifications, these certifications are available for any career level.
This article gives comprehensive coverage of the Cisco CCNP TSHOOT 300-135 Certification for easy passing at your first attempt. But first of all, it is essential to understand what the CCNP Routing and Switching certification entails. Remember, this is one of the in-demand Cisco certifications and attaining it brings measurable rewards in terms of propelling your IT career to the next level.

About CCNP R&S Certification

The CCNP R&S credential checks your skills to complete the tasks related to local and wide area enterprise networks. This certification specifically verifies your planning, implementing, performing and troubleshooting skills. All these skills are tested when working collaboratively with specialists in such solutions as security, wireless, voice, among many.
If you have one-year networking experience and set the goal to advance your status on this platform to accomplish complex networking solutions independently then don’t hesitate to enroll for this program. It will greatly improve your career prospects, to say the least. It’s worth reminding that you have to take and pass the three relevant exams before attaining your CCNP R&S certification. These include 300-101, 300-115 and 300-135 exams.
Earning the CCNP R&S certification comes with various benefits with the most notable form being improving your career prospects. Some of the IT professionals employing these skills in their roles include network engineers, network architects, support engineers and systems engineers.
Now, let’s focus on 300-135 exam itself.

300-135 Exam Overview

Cisco 300-135 exam, known as Troubleshooting and Maintaining Cisco IP Networks (TSHOOT) acts as the final step towards getting the CCNP R&S certification. It validates your ability to deal with complex enterprise routed and switched networks.
Passing this exam confirms you as a professional with the relevant knowledge of using technology-based practices and a systematic ITIL-compliant approach to carry out network troubleshooting. That being said, the Cisco 300-135 tshoot exam validates your knowledge of six key topics related to the CCNP R&S certification.
These concepts include Layer 2 (40%) and Layer 3 (40%) technologies, network principles (5%), VPN technologies (5%), infrastructure services (5%) and infrastructure security (5%). As you can see, each exam topic contributes a specific percentage in the actual exam and the higher percentage the more the questions from the topic.

Exam Facts

As for 300-135, it is a 120-minute duration exam that tests 15-25 items related to the CCNP R&S. This exam can be taken in two languages only: English or Japanese.
Like other Cisco certification exams, 300-135 exam questions come in various formats such as multiple choice single answer as well as multiple answers. It would be wise to familiarise yourself with the exam question types prior to scheduling your exam to help instill confidence.


Any CCIE certification or valid Cisco CCNA R&S certification is a prerequisite for the CCNP R&S credential.

Exam Preparation

Looking to advance your career? Here are some of the proven tips for passing the Cisco 300-135 exam quickly and hassle-free?


Perhaps this is one of the best learning platforms you can ever get. With a variety of study materials such as online self-paced courses as well as other exam preparation materials, this platform is your number one destination to find invaluable training tools.
It is of great benefit if you are fond of studying alone. For 300-135 exam, Cisco recommends two courses; Troubleshooting and Maintaining Cisco IP Networks (TSHOOT) v2.0 and Cisco Learning Labs for CCNP TSHOOT v.20. The two courses are readily available at this platform to ensure adequate exam preparation.

Classroom Training

Cisco learning partners are tasked with teaching the classes led by instructors to all the aspiring candidates all over the world. This platform focuses on the Troubleshooting and Maintaining Cisco IP Networks (TSHOOT) v2.0 course if you are preparing for 300-135 test.


With all said and done, practicing is one of the best ways to sharpen your knowledge of 300-135 exam concepts. Cisco provides two hands-on lab environments to help you prepare for 300-135 test in the best way. They are the Cisco Modelling Labs and Cisco Virtual Internet Routing Lab Personal Edition (VIRL PE).

Cisco CCNP R&S Study Group

The role of study groups in your certification journey cannot be understated. At this stage of your exam preparation, it would be beneficial to interact with candidates treading a similar path by joining the CCNP R&S study group.

Top Web Source for Exam Preparation

Along with using prep material from the official Cisco website, you can find optional sources to supplement your training. One of the most trusted websites that provide valuable material for 300-135 exam is ExamSnap. Find a great collection of the exam dumps carefully checked by IT experts here. Practice them unlimited times tracking and improving your results with the VCE Simulator. In addition, take video courses to make your preparation process more efficient. Use any opportunity to know more and clarify the questions that seem to be complex to you.

Exam Registration

By now you should have known that all Cisco exams are administered by its number one exam delivery partner in Pearson VUE. Consequently, you can schedule your certification exam by visiting the Pearson VUE official website and registering for your exam. However, you will have to pay the exam fee worth $300.


Your CCNP R&S credential that is attained by passing 300-135 TSHOOT exam is valid for three years. The credential expires as soon as this period elapses. However, you can extend its date of expiration by earning a higher level certification such as the CCIE R&S. In this manner, your CCNP R&S certification will assume the date of expiration of the higher level certification program obtained.

Bottom Line

As you can see, attaining the CCNP R&S certification is not as hard as they’ve made you believe. Use reliable training materials from Cisco and ExamSnap and you are good to go. If you ever thought of making it in the IT sphere and propelling your career, then it would be wiser to pursue the low-level credentials as you rise through the ranks. To sum up, 300-135 certification exam is here to help you achieve your goals and now with the highlighted tips, passing this exam is much easier.

Unless you’ve set up websites before and have used web hosting, it's hard to know exactly what you should do when it comes to picking the best host. A lot of jargon is used, and a lot of the times there will be terms that only people highly comfortable on a computer will understand.
There are plenty of key aspects to be aware of when it comes to choosing a web hosting provider. Here we will go through them to give you a clear picture of exactly what you should be looking for. By the time you've finished reading this, you’ll know exactly what you’re looking for.

What type of server do I need?

There are three types of hosting available: shared, dedicated and VPS hosting. The right one for you is going to depend on the needs of your website. If you’re not going to have a high level of traffic then shared hosting is a good idea as this means you will be renting a small part of a server.
If you have a lot of traffic, then your demands are going to be greater, and you need to look at the other two options. Managing a dedicated server on your own can be difficult, and therefore VPS hosting is a good idea as this is where you can rent a whole server.


The price is always going to be a key issue when it comes to web hosting, and they will all have slightly different prices available. Most of them are run in the same way though, as they will have an incremental price increase with more features available on each level.
This will allow you to scale up your website when required. Also with price, it’s important to know that most advertise a low monthly figure that is an annual sum divided by 12. Paying on a rolling monthly contract is usually more expensive than the advertised figure.

How much bandwidth and storage you will receive

As mentioned there, there will be additional features available as you go up price ranges and two of the biggest differences will be with bandwidth and storage as these are two key components on what makes a website run smoothly.
Essentially, the more data and features that you have on your website, the more bandwidth and storage you need. If you a looking to run a simple blog with mostly words and a few pictures, this isn’t going to be much of an issue.

The level of support you’ll have

You also want to check the level of support that you are going to have from the company that you are using. This is going to be especially important if you are less confident in building a website and feel as though you might need assistance.
This support can come in the form of live chats, a telephone number or an e-mail address. Many websites also have their own internal system too. You also want to check for what information is available, as the best websites will have plenty of guides to give you the information that you want.

If they have any additional benefits

The additional benefits are going to be important too, and you need to know whether they will support what you are trying to achieve. Do they have a website builder? Are there templates available? Do they support e-commerce? These are the type of key questions that you are going to be asking yourself.
It may seem laborious at times, but doing your research in getting the right website host is going to be able to save you a lot of time and effort further down the line. If the host you’re looking at doesn’t seem right to you, then it’s time to look at the next one.

Check the reviews

Paying for a web host is the same as paying for something off Amazon, there are going to be plenty of reviews out there that are going to give you all the information that you need in order to make the right choice. Using well-reviewed and reputable sights is the best way to ensure that you will get a quality hosting provider.

It’s no longer an option to have a website for your business. In the digital world of today, a business without an online website is one destined to fail. Moreover, the best way to jump start your new –– or revive a not so new –– business is by improving the quality of its online presence. Yet, it’s often easier said than done. While having an online website is a no brainer, keeping it alive and going strong in a competitive market is not so much simpler.

The key to making sure your website is up to date and competing is search engine optimization (SEO). It’s basically how you ensure your website reaches your target demographic. The better and more SEO friendly your website is, the more people it’ll attract, and the better your business will be. One of the strongest weapons in your SEO arsenal is backlinks, one you just can’t do without.

What Are Backlinks?

Backlinks are simply the links on other websites that link to yours. So, if another website has an external link that redirects users to your own website, this is called a backlink. The importance of backlinks is they ensure your website has good traffic. More importantly, more backlinks means more exposure for your content, and it also means your website is trusted. If you think about backlinks as proof of credibility –– where other sites are dying to link to yours –– then it’s something you’ll want your demographic to experience; think of it as a recommendation of your website.

How then can you build backlinks to your website? The short answer is ethically and professionally. There are those who resort to shady methods to increase the website traction, which often results in a backlash and the website gaining notoriety for being not too honest. This is the last outcome you can hope for your business. What are some ethical, professional ways to get backlinks to your website then?

Broken Link Method

This is how it works: you’ll search for websites who can ideally link to yours –– that is, having similar content. Then you’ll contact the webmaster to report the broken links on their website, and give them same candidate links to replace those broken links –– naturally yours will be among the list. Since you’re doing them a favor by reporting broken links, which make for an awful user experience, it’s quite likely your link would end up on their website in return. This is quite an efficient and quick way because no matter how good the website and the webmaster are, every website has broken links and every website doesn’t want those broken links.

Guest Posting

This is another good and reliable way to build backlinks. The idea is simple; you write content for another website which would mean you’ll get to include a link to your own. This could be done in the text itself –– since you’ll probably be contacting websites that have similar content to yours –– or in your author biography, in which you could include links to your website. Either way, the links will refer back to your website which is what you want at the end of the day. It’s quite important however not to abuse this strategy, as many do.

Don’t go for websites that are not reputable or are somewhat shady; look for someone reliable and trustworthy enough in your niche, so as to ensure your backlink would count for something. It’s also important to keep in mind what it is you need to do. According to the article How To Build Backlinks – An SEO Link Strategy From 37,942 Anchor Texts, the most important thing to get right when building backlinks is the anchor text you use as that is the first thing Google is looking at in a natural backlink profile. Also, don’t just write the one time; contribute several articles to each website you’re guest posting at.

Help A Reporter Out

Help a reporter out (HARO) is a free service which reporters and journalists use to get information on certain articles you’re writing. What you can do is sign up for free –– it’s also quite quick –– and you’ll get weekly requests from reporters looking for help with certain reports or features. When you do get back to certain reporters about certain inquiries which you can help with, whether they’re citing you and your website as a source or citing information from your website –– which means a backlink –– either way you’re getting a backlink. Be sure to filter out requests, though and only respond to those related to your specific niche.


Testimonials are another clever way of earning backlinks. So, any company likes to brag about its sales, and some even have specific pages on their websites dedicated to that purpose, called Testimonials page. What you’ll do is make a list of products and services you’ve used for companies that have testimonials pages. Then, start writing reviews for each of those, which will naturally ask for your contact details, and then leave your feedback on the page. You’ll find that most, if not all, companies will automatically take your testimonial and link back to your website, as proof that this is not a scam of a testimonial and that the person who wrote it is a real one. This gives your website greater exposure as Testimonials is a page many visit to make sure the service or product they’re about to pay money for are legit and trustworthy.

Patience Is A Virtue

A key point in building backlinks is being patient. If you ever come across someone claiming they can sell you the secret to getting your website to the number one place on Google rankings, it’s most likely a scam. The process of building backlinks takes time and patience, because there are no shortcuts here. But you need to do it correctly and properly to ensure that the backlinks you got will do your website good, not the other way around. That is why it’s important to play it by the book so you can sleep tight knowing your backlinks will not get deleted the following day or the shady website that backlinked to yours won’t disappear out of the blue. At the end of the day, how well you play out the backlinks game will determine how much traffic your website will get, and ultimately how your business’s online presence will look like.

Financial independence is now a household name for many young people who are looking forward to succeed in their businesses. Most people dream of being successful in life, however, they don’t know how to achieve that or they’re somehow reluctant to take the risks and put in the work. Below are some five important tips you need to know before setting up your online business.

1. Mentors are everywhere

Some of the world richest people are self-made billionaires who worked themselves up the financial ladder through proper planning and sheer hardwood. Nowadays, tech-investors are enjoying a generous share of the market, thanks to the pleasant deals and opportunities available online. If you’re starting over, always seek some form of help either through online coaching, researching, or reading about your niche and how the market works.

2. Tap the power

If you’re lucky to have that entrepreneur mindset, then you probably have an idea or two of what could best work for you. Regardless of the business opportunity or niche, you’re sporting its gap in the market; it’s important to have certain things right before placing your bet in the competitive market. First, regardless of the business idea you have, it’s important to adopt an open mindset; tap the power you already have and utilize all the available resources.

The online platform is one of the vital resources open to anyone with an intention to succeed. Regardless of your business idea, there’s always a way or two to grow your brand using the internet and all the good things it brings as far as business and entrepreneurship is concerned.

3. SEO is as important as the business itself

You’ve probably come up with an idea because you think it’s worth investing your time, money and energy in it. Truth be told, though the online market isn’t a walk in the park, it’s competitive and more often than not; you’ll find mature and well-established brands already in the market. This shouldn’t, however, be a turn off since the market is big enough to accommodate everyone.

To stay ahead of the competition, SEO is your all-time friend. Proper use of the SEO techniques will ensure that you have an excellent presence throughout the internet and that your clients can easily locate your products and services. According to,
Search engine optimization should be made keenly to ensure that the right audience are targeted. Most newbies enter the market without doing their research and they later find themselves frustrated and start blaming others. Seeking professional SEO services is always the best choice when it comes to exploring the online platform.

4. Maximize on the basics

Before spending the little money you have on advertisements, make sure that whatever you’re offering is competitive in the market. Try to blend into something new from what the others are offering. Your landing page should be simple and attractive. The ordering process and navigation within your website or mobile app should be bug-free and user-friendly. Always consult a marketing strategist on the best marketing and advertisement methods.

5. It takes time and commitment

Online marketing isn’t about overnight success and all the sale-pitch emails of how one is making six figures working from home. At least, this shouldn’t be the main reason you’re going online. Before you get a steady stream of income, you’ll have understood the market, and played the big-man games of SEO marketing, email marketing, affiliate marketing, etc.

Before calling it a success in the entrepreneurship world, you’ll have to learn a lot and earn all the necessary skills you require in a lifetime. Most people are afraid of starting a business because of the fear of failing. The process is, however, worth the ride since online marketing is ever growing and evolving for the better.

VirtualBox is a powerful x86 and AMD64/Intel64 virtualization product for enterprise as well as home use. Not only is Virtual-box an extremely feature rich, high performance product for enterprise customers, it is also the only professional solution that is freely available as Open Source Software under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL) version 2. Presently, Virtual-box runs on Windows, Linux, Macintosh, and Solaris hosts and supports a large number of guest operating systems including but not limited to Windows (NT 4.0, 2000, XP, Server 2003, Vista, Windows 7/8/8.1/10), DOS/Windows 3.x, Linux, Solaris and Open-Solaris OS/2, and OpenBSD.

Paravirtualization Support for Windows and Linux Guests: Significantly improves guest OS performance by leveraging built-in virtualization support on operating systems such as Oracle Linux 7 and Microsoft Windows 7 and newer.
Improved CPU Utilization: Exposes a broader set of CPU instructions to the guest OS, enabling applications to make use of the latest hardware instruction sets for maximum performance.
Support of USB 3.0 Devices: Guest operating systems can directly recognize USB 3.0 devices and operate at full 3.0 speeds. The guest OS can be configured to support USB 1.1, 2.0, and 3.0.
Bi-Directional Drag and Drop Support for Windows: On all host platforms, Windows, Linux and Oracle Solaris guests now support "drag and drop" of content between the host and the guest. The drag and drop feature transparently allows copying or opening of files, directories, and more.
Disk Image Encryption: Data can be encrypted on virtual hard disk images transparently during runtime, using the industry standard AES algorithm with up to 256 bit data encryption keys (DEK). This helps ensure data is secure and encrypted at all times, whether the VM is sitting unused on a developer's machine or server, or actively in use.

Download Extensions for VirtualBox (like: Usb 3.0/2.0, etc). You can even download deb file if you don't want to add repository.
For other distributions download from here.

How to Install VirtualBox 6.x.x:

Available for Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic/18.04 Bionic/16.04 Xenial/14.04 Trusty/Debian 9/8/7/Linux Mint 19/18/17/other Ubuntu derivatives
To install VirtualBox in Ubuntu/Linux Mint open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:

That's it

Kodi media center has reached to version 18.0 codename "Leia". It is an award-winning free and open-source cross-platform media player, it's an ideal solution for home theater and so on.
Kodi supports wide variety of popular audio and video formats. It allows you to do network playback, so you can stream your multimedia from anywhere in the house or directly from the internet using practically any protocol available. You can play CDs and DVDs from the disc or image file, also supports almost all popular archive formats from your hard drive, and even files inside ZIP and RAR archives.
It can scan all media and automatically create a personalized library complete with covers, descriptions, and art. There are playlist and slideshow functions, a weather forecast feature and many audio visualizations.
More than 50 software developers have contributed to Kodi, and 100-plus translators have worked to expand its reach, making it available in more than 30 languages. It uses a 10-foot user interface designed to be a media player for the living-room, using a remote control as the primary input device. Its graphical user interface (GUI) allows the user to easily browse and view videos, photos, podcasts, and music from a harddrive, optical disc, local network, and the internet using only a few buttons.
It includes many third-party libraries which use compatible licenses. Due to the inclusion of some GPLv3.0 libraries the entire application becomes GPLv3.0 as binary.

Changelog of 18.0:

  • Added player process info dialog to Kodi's default skin
  • Added support for addons to use banner and ClearLogo
  • Added support for skins/gui to allow implicit container referencing for non-media windows
  • Added support for addons to add "Enable/Disable" to context menu
  • Added support for remember last used keyboard layout in GUI
  • Added support for a generic DRM/KMS implementation using GBM to create surfaces and V4L2 for video acceleration
  • Added support for Mir windowing system (Mir 1.0) for Kodi[153] and added support for VAAPI on Mir using DRM
  • Added support for the middle mouse button on embedded platforms
  • Added support more yuv420p bitwidths for direct rendering on Linux
  • Added support for using VAAPI hardware video decoding with OpenGL ES
  • Added support for build Kodi with imx support using CMake
  • Moved the CMake build system to the top of the code tree (moved to root)
  • Improved support for UltraHD decoding / 4K resolution output when hardware supports it
  • Improved ARM processor architecture (using Raspberry Pi as reference device)
  • Improved OpenGL ES and EGL support (using Raspberry Pi as reference device)
  • Improved VAAPI (Video Acceleration API) support (requires VAAPI compatible hardware and drivers)
  • Improved VDPAU (NVIDIA) Hardware Video Acceleration (requires VDPAU compatible hardware and drivers)
  • Improved XvBA (AMD/ATI) Hardware Video Acceleration (requires XvBA compatible hardware and drivers)
  • Improved dedicated AMLCodec hardware accelerated video decoding support for Linux on Amlogic devices
  • Removed the unused and unmaintained OpenMAX video decoder from Kodi's VideoPlayer
  • Removed support for autotools based build system for Kodi and binary addons (in favour of CMake)
  • Added support for "InputStream" (input stream) addons to pass CryptoSession flags field
  • Added support for BD-J / Blu-ray Disc Java menu support (requires system Java runtime enviroment)
  • Added support for Blu-ray Disc detection and use provided meta data for Blu-ray Disc names
  • And many more fixes & changes.

How to Install Kodi 18 Leia in Ubuntu/Linux Mint/derivatives:

Kodi 18.0 Available for Ubuntu 18.10 Cosmic/18.04 Bionic/16.04 Xenial/Linux Mint 19/18/other related Ubuntu derivatives, Kodi 17 is available for Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty/Linux Mint 17
To install Kodi 18.0 in Ubuntu/Linux Mint open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:

Addons (such as PVR) available for Kodi, use package name with sudo apt-get install command to install addon.
PVR Package Name Description
kodi-pvr-dev Kodi Media Center (PVR Add-on Dev package)
kodi-pvr-argustv Kodi PVR Addon Argustv
kodi-pvr-demo Kodi PVR Demo Addon
kodi-pvr-dvbviewer Kodi PVR Addon Dvbviewer
kodi-pvr-iptvsimple Kodi PVR Iptv Addon
kodi-pvr-mediaportal-tvserver Kodi PVR Addon Mediaportal Tvserver
kodi-pvr-mythtv Kodi PVR Addon MythTv - Cmyth
kodi-pvr-nextpvr Kodi PVR Addon NextPvr
kodi-pvr-njoy Kodi PVR Addon Njoy
kodi-pvr-tvheadend-hts Kodi PVR Addon TvHeadend Hts
kodi-pvr-vdr-vnsi Kodi PVR Addon VDR Vnsi
kodi-pvr-vuplus Kodi PVR Addon Vuplus
kodi-pvr-dvblink DVBLink PVR
kodi-pvr-filmon FilmOn PVR
kodi-pvr-hts TVHeadEnd PVR
kodi-pvr-pctv PCTV PVR
kodi-pvr-stalker Stalker PVR
kodi-pvr-vbox VBox Home TV Gateway PVR client
kodi-pvr-wmc WMC PVR
shairplay Free portable AirPlay server implementation

Kodi is also available for Android.

Linux VPS hosting is considered as the most suitable hosting for organizations in terms of its applications as well as performance. Although there are several options available, it is important to choose the best VPS Hosting that can help your business to reach the zenith.

If you are unaware what Linux and VPS hosting is all about, then have a look at the definitions below:


Just like Windows 7, 8 Windows XP or Mac OS X, Linux is an operating system. It is one of the mostly-used community-developed operating systems which is designed for mobile devices, embedded devices, servers, mainframes, and computers. Supported by various platforms like SPARC and X86, it is basically a software that manages all types of hardware resources associated with your laptop or PC.

In simple words, this operating system is responsible for managing the communication between hardware and the software. As per Wikipedia, Google uses more than 15 thousand Linux servers in order to serve up its content.

VPS Hosting

VPS Hosting is a virtualized server. The best part of VPS is, it offers the best of both shared and dedicated server. Indeed, a virtual private server is a part of-of physical server that contains its own bandwidth, disc space, and operating system.

Business owners who strive to get uninterrupted services along with great
server performance must switch to Linux VPS hosting. For a non-stop performance, Linux VPS can be a good choice.

Major Components of a Linux VPS Hosting Plan

If you are wondering which aspects you need to consider while investing in Linux VPS hosting then have a look below:


The CPU Execution Load is the major yet serious concern for most of the dedicated server owners. But with Linux VPS server, it’s not a serious concern anymore. Made to run on virtual CPUs, the load of CPU execution varies.

Moreover, web servers are more likely to consume more CPU space while chat box servers and online game servers exert a heavy load on the server’s CPU. Therefore, it is important to choose a reliable CPU that can carry enough load, ensuring a quicker response.


This is another technical element you should consider while investing in Linux VPS hosting. If you are looking for a powerful RAM that could handle a website with up to 2000 visitors every day, then 1GB RAM is sufficient. A 1 GB RAM with a capacity of a single core CPU handles a website efficiently. Moreover, a 512 MB RAM also operates well and run smoothly.

Disk Space

This is another important thing you need to consider. It largely depends on the amount of data you want on your server. This amount depends on the type of website you are hosting. For instance, a personal blog consumes less disk space whereas a social community like Twitter and Facebook require larger disk space.

To run a personal blog, 20GB disk space is more than enough, but for running games, you need at least 20GB hard disk. So when investing in Linux VPS, make sure to check the hard disk space requirements precisely.


Another important aspect that needs precise consideration is bandwidth. It usually depends on the total number of visitors or active users on a website along with the nature of their communication. Usually, a small website needs approximately 300GB of bandwidth, whereas a larger website needs 100GB bandwidth for media-heavy pages.


Every business strives for growth. In the Linux VPS hosting, the server is further parted into several servers and all of them are impartial in terms of bandwidth, memory, server resources, and other technical resources.

Overall Performance

Apart from the above features, it is also important to look at a few performance parameters of a web hosting service. These parameters are measured on the basis of distribution, server uptime, page loading speed, security protocols, and website monitoring systems.

Wrapping the post

In Linux VPS hosting, the VPS server runs of a Linux operating system. Undoubtedly, a Linux server hosting is an ultimate solution for those who are looking for robust hardware and software.

The backbone of any successful company is a proper, well functioning sales team that can properly achieve quarterly and yearly targets and can maintain the momentum of the company. A proper sales team really resembles the spearhead of a spear. That is because the sales team is really the offensive for the company. The rest of the company, whether it be the human resources department or the IT tech department, act more as a support system for the sale department. As a result, a strong company needs a well integrated and exceptional sales force. Through the article, we will discuss the various ways we can improve and empower a sales team. These things could include constant training, use of technology and improving the base.

Use of technology

One of the main factors that can help any company out there, would be the proper use of technology. It could help in a variety of ways. Some of those ways could include things like organizing the sales team and keeping everyone on the same team, sending important updates on issues, proper branding that would aid the sales department and many more useful functions. There are many ways to integrate technology into the workplace and especially in the sales department.

One of these new innovative ways that many companies and enterprises are using these days is creating a company app. Offering this service is and many others that are just a click away from being used. This helps a company not only integrate the sales team onto one platform but can also help put all of the company functions and materials on it. Thus, it makes things much simpler for the sales team and is quite efficient.

Constant Trainings

One of the main cornerstones of any exceptional sales team is product knowledge and proper social and networking skills. This is probably the basis of any good salesman. This is why the team leader of any sales team needs to introduce constant trainings for his employees. This is so the team can refresh the techniques and knowledge and never go rusty, and also to update their knowledge on the newest updates in the market or new social skills one can learn on the job. This will help sharpen your sales team and help them in being prepared for any challenge ahead of them.

A Proper Business Base

As with any company, if your support functions are down, your sales revenue is going to go down as well. As a result, an empowered sales team needs to have a well developed support function, such as a proper marketing team that creates a branding that the sales team can use, or an HR department that helps the team develop their soft skills as well maintain the order. Without these functions, your sales department could become incredibly crippled and your revenue will suffer.

A proper sales team could equal a lot of revenue and eventually, profit for any company out there. As a result, a company should invest heavily in its employees and offer them the best that they can. There are many ways a company can empower its sales team. Some of them could be things like a proper business support function base, the use of technology for logistics and constant trainings and learning. These three things could develop any sales team and turn them into a profit-making machine.

Technology and different web and mobile applications are flooding the market at an alarming rate every single day. It is really difficult to keep up with what VPNs are doing to continually mask their identities or what new service the current VOIP is providing to add more functionality.

However the cause and effect is easy to interpret. All the new functionalities and applications end up creating a huge bottle neck and suck out the performance of a network like a mutating virus.

Streaming Services

Youtube stats from Google now have reported that nearly one out of every two users on the internet are visiting youtube every month for its service. That is nearly one billion visits a month to simply watch videos or listen to music. Simply put, the internet has exploded but the speed and networks have simply not kept up.

It can be quite hard to dial down, but a Youtube movie at 480(p) will most likely use 240 MB of data/hr. Now with a bigger company and understanding current usage trends, we will then multiply this data times 50% of employees in any certain company. It does not take a seasoned IT professional to understand with this scenario the overall network performance is going to sink like the Titanic.

There are different ways to approach understanding usage stats for users but with massive stats like this, it would probably be best to allocate certain departments for access to huge streaming platforms. For example, marketing would have the ability to use the platform but other employees having their access blocked.

This solves the problem for larger platforms but how do you understand the many many other ways to stream music, video, or other data consuming applications like games. Most, if not all companies have moved towards network monitoring software which can easily understand usage stats and prevent bottlenecks while also documenting trends or anomalies in real time.

Personal Devices and BYOD

It is quite the norm nowadays to be connected with your smartphone or tablet. In 2017 alone, it was noted that smartphones and tablets accounted for 70% of time spent on the internet. While going up 5% from 65% usage in 2016.

As well as, companies are beginning to understand how productivity can skyrocket when an employee is able to answer emails or do that meeting when they are sipping on their morning joe or eating their breakfast.

Additionally the cost of providing all the employees with their own personal laptops and devices can bring a hefty price tag. So, the answer to most small to medium businesses is Bring Your Own Device ( BYOD ).

All these devices come at a cost to the network performance and it is also a security nightmare with unknown devices or personal devices on your network. Policies need to be set in place that are ingrained in stone to understand the many factors that are involved with secure data, access to data, and employees rights to security monitoring software.

The pros from BYOD are quite substantial and easily can increase production, save money, increase morale, and create a flexible environment for employees to better retain your workforce.

It is up to the network team to understand what data can be accessed and the liability that comes with personal devices gaining access to the network and the negative secondary effects of the many devices on performance.

Balancing Technology, Morale and Network Performance

In 2019, employees thrive more and more off flexibility and independence in the workplace. Millenials have been brought up on technology and they are a part of this revolution.

The evidence is there on remote working and we are using more VOIP for meetings and personal devices than ever before in the workplace. Globalization is here to stay and your networks have to be healthy to keep up with the continued upward trend in technology and communication.

If you have the ambition to become a successful web developer, then, congratulations. Web app development is one of the most rewarding tech roles today with the chance to create new and exciting experiences for users that can enrich everyday life for people worldwide. One thing is for certain, it is not an easy road to learn how to code but, once you have learnt the ropes, you will feel hugely fulfilled in a role that allows you to let those creative juices flow.
If you are looking for some advice and guidance to help you on your way to becoming a successful web developer, you’ve come to the right place. These proven tips will help you on your way to development delight:

Focus on open-source projects

As we’re a portal geared towards open-source development, we’re naturally going to bang the drum about the benefits of getting involved in open-source projects. There are so many fantastic open-source projects that are still going strong today – WordPress, Android and even Ubuntu/Linux to name but a few. Open source projects will give you direct hands-on experience, allowing you to build your own portfolio of work and network with other like-minded developers too.

Master one programming language at a time

A cardinal sin that many beginner web developers make is to try to dabble in multiple programming languages at once. This is a one-way ticket to confusedville, as you’ll feel like you’re getting nowhere with any of them. Learn one language or framework at a time to give yourself a real confidence boost; it can be hugely beneficial to feel that you’re picking new skills up fast. Having expertise in a few niche languages will be far more beneficial to being viewed as a jack of all trades in many throughout your career.

Don’t underestimate the importance of web security

In an age where external and internal threats to online applications are greater and more sophisticated than ever before, any aspiring web developer should be conscious about application security when building new online services. Admittedly, the management of these threats is effectively a full-time job. That’s why beginner web developers should familiarize themselves with the concept of a web application firewall (WAF) that guards against application layer attacks 24/7. A WAF is normally offered as a managed service by a third-party and can be deployed quickly without the need for hardware or software changes to your web app.

Accept that debugging is part and parcel of web development

Unfortunately, programming a web application can be frustrating at times. It very rarely goes 100% to plan. There will be occasions when your code simply won’t work, and you are left scratching your head with the deadline to launch ticking ever closer. If you want to be a successful web developer, you must accept that some of your time will have to be spent debugging. Knowing how to debug properly and efficiently is a key skill. It can save you time and money. The simplest way to tackle debugging sessions is to begin from the line that appears to be faulty and rollback from there. You could also consider time tracebacks to monitor your most recent code changes.

Being a web application developer gives you the chance to design and build solutions to real-world problems. As an aspiring web developer, you should always ask questions, build, study and then ask some more questions. Dedication is the key.

Using a password is arguably the most common and popular security measure available for most types of accounts and information storage. But unfortunately, it is often one of the most vulnerable to hackings and other types of cyber-attacks.

A 2016 study revealed that hackers and other cybercriminals usually perform the most significant data breaches with the aim of stealing individual identities. However, after these attacks take place, the most common response from companies is simply to change your password to avoid having it happen to you.

The problem with this is that using a password has a lot of flaws and imperfections. For starters, passwords don’t generally provide a very strong way to identify a person and basically, anyone who gets their hands on a password can simply log on to an account and do or take whatever they wish.

Additionally, an account’s security level is based only on the strength of the password being used. And most of the time, this isn’t a very strong measure since people don’t usually want to remember long strings of upper and lowercase letters, numbers and special characters. Instead, users typically use a password that is simple and easy to remember. In other words, they unknowingly use something that’s easy to hack.

Because of the deficiencies with using a single password, many companies are now turning to more secure solutions, such as email encryption and multi-factor authentication, to control account access and provide users with alternatives to traditional passwords.

Still, this might leave you wondering what precisely multi-factor authentication is and how it can help improve your online safety and security.

What Is Multi-Factor Authentication?

In simple terms, multi-factor authentication is the process used to identify an individual online by validating more than one claim from several different categories of authentication, which are presented by the user.

The process is also sometimes referred to as advanced authentication, step-up authentication, or two-factor authentication. Regardless, it is simply the means of verifying an individual’s identity by using more than just a simple password as recognition.
In most cases, multi-factor authentication will involve two or more of the following basic elements:

Something is known by the user, such as a PIN or password.
Something owned by the user, such as a mobile device or email account.
A user biometric, such as a fingerprint, facial scan, or voice recognition.

Essentially, the concept of multi-factor authentication understands that no authentication factor is completely secure. In fact, any type of authentication factor will have both its own strengths and weaknesses. However, multi-factor authentication improves identification by using a second or third factor to compensate for the weaknesses of the other factors being used.

By now, it should be easy to see why multi-factor authentication is needed to ensure the safety and security of your online presence. Below, we’ll go over a few of the benefits of using multi-factor authentication.

Increased Security

As we’ve already mentioned, traditional password security is no longer as effective as it once was. Fortunately, multi-factor authentication can supplement a traditional password with an additional factor that cannot easily be guessed, such as a verification code sent to your mobile device or a given biometric factor such as your fingerprint or a facial scan.

These additional factors make it much harder for a cybercriminal to get into your accounts unless they actually possess all the factors required by the system.

Simple Account Access with Single Sign-On Software

Most people assume that using multi-factor authentication will make logging into their accounts a more complicated and time-consuming process. However, the added security of multi-factor authentication allows companies to provide their users will login options such as single sign-on.

Single sign-on, or SSO, is the process of authentication which allows a user to gain access to multiple applications or accounts by using a single set of login credentials. Therefore, once a user is authenticated, they will be logged onto the single sign-on account and will have access to any other apps or accounts that are covered by the software.

One of the biggest challenges in implementing multi-factor authentication is the belief that it will make logging in more complicated. But when combined with software such as single sign-on, multi-factor authentication benefits internet users by making it easier to sign into a variety of different apps at the same time.

Regulatory Compliance

Today, there are many different compliance standards when it comes to organisations that use and store their customer’s sensitive information. And, in many cases, some laws specify the need for these organisations to implement safety features such as multi-factor authentication.

So, not only does multi-factor authentication keep your personal identifiable information safe and simplify logging into your accounts, but it is also a step towards regulatory compliance for most companies and organisations, which ensures that your online safety is held in the highest priority.

Univention Corporate Server (UCS) provides a shared trust and security context called a domain. This means, the members of the domain know and trust each other. To get access to resources and services provided within the domain, users and computers have to join the domain.
Linux clients, such as Ubuntu and its derivates, could be joined to a UCS domain for a long time, but it always involved a rather long process of copying commands from the Univention documentation to the command line of the involved systems.

In April of 2018 Univention released the new "Ubuntu Domain Join Assistant" which provides both a graphical interface, making the whole join process a lot easier and time-saving, but also a CLI tool to automate the domain join of many Ubuntu clients.
Let‘s get started – the graphical way:
Let‘s assume we just installed a Univention Corporate Server in the current version of 4.3 and a plain Ubuntu 18.04 client – both with an out-of-the-box feature set and without any modifications. Using the optional software component "DHCP server" in UCS is not strictly necessary, but recommended.

Now log in to your Ubuntu client with a user. To install in Ubuntu 18.04/16.04/14.04/Linux Mint 19/18/17 open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:

iMusic is a powerful piece of software that offers a huge range of flexibility in managing your music contents. iMusic specializes in managing your iTunes music collection as well. In fact, iMusic transforms the entire usability and flexibility of iTunes in an easier manner.
For example, you can directly sync your local and iTunes music collection directly with your iOS/Android device with just one click. You can also grab music from any other source like YouTube, Spotify, Dailymotion etc.
However, iMusic isn’t a complete alternative for iTunes. There are still tons of music on the iTunes store that you can’t listen anywhere else. There are also a number of conveniences from iTunes that you definitely don’t want to miss out. However, iMusic makes your life a lot easier with a number of various features and easier workflow.
The thing that really makes iMusic great is the ability to grab content from almost all the popular online content sites and syncing your music with any of your iOS/Android device(s).
Let’s figure out the usability and benefits along with the effort required for enjoying iMusic.


At first, let’s have a look at the app.

DVD Creator is an excellent software that offers great flexibility and features as a fine and powerful DVD creator. The tool is very simplistic to use. According to the developer – Wondershare, this tool is able to fulfill all your requirements for managing your DVD. It’s available on both Windows and Mac.
You can directly just select all the media contents you want to write to your DVD and let the tool do the job for you. There are a number of options you can change, for example, the writing speed and the DVD format. Got an image (ISO/IMG or similar) file? Let DVD Creator do the job. It burns the image file without any issue.
There are a number of available tools on the internet that can perform similar jobs. Some are premium, others are free. DVD Creator from Wondershare is a freemium tool that can do a lot of things. Let’s find out if it can be a worthy component to have at disposal.


When you start up the app, this is the first screen you’ll get: