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Regular and free emails might be good enough for average users, but when it comes to your business, you must not settle for anything less than the best. For your business, you must opt for something that assures you entirely about the security and path of the mail if you want to know about some of the best secure email services, which might come in handy if you render online assignment help.

Top 5 secure email services to boost your business

1. Proton Mail

This free and open source email provider offers encrypted mail services and is based out of Switzerland. You can make this work through your desktop, or your Android and iOS phone. When it comes to Proton Mail, no one can get their hands on your email due to its end to end encryption model. This means that your emails are completely secure and in good hands. This can especially prove to be useful for your business if you offer a service to buy essay papers online. The service provides two-factor authentication, and a feature to send password protected emails to anyone. It also supports CSV contacts import. However, the mail comes with a slight limitation as to the inability to change the signature on a free account and lack of support for IMAP, SMTP, and POP3.

2. Counter Mail

For someone who is seriously concerned about the privacy of their email, this mail is one of the ideal options. Counter Mail offers a through and secures implementation of the Open PGP email in browsers. Users can also set up a USB drive to encrypt their emails and the decryption key to it is saved on the device. You will require a password to access the same. Decryption would be a seemingly impossible task even if a hacker were to happen to steal your password. With this mail, you will be able to modify a lot of settings in your account, allow email filters and make use of anonymous email headers. The USB option offers an added layer of physical security, which is quite simple to implement and use. The email provides support for IMAP and does not store logs of IP addresses. It also includes a built-in password manager and safe box. However, with this mail, you will not be able to send an encrypted mail to a non – user. This might be a problem in case someone has asked you to do my statistics homework and receive it on mail.

3. Hush mail

With excellent support for IMAP and POP, it also offers optional two-step verification. You will also be able to import your contacts by making use of a CSV file. It also allows using a spam filter and autoresponder. With the Hush mail, you get 10 GB of storage. With the free account though, you get minimal storage and requires the use of an alternate email address and phone number, when trying to sign up for verification process.

4. Mail fence

The best part about this email feature is that a digital signature can be used to approve the authenticity of the user. The email supports two-factor authentication, which is an added layer of security for email users. A spam blocker keeps away all the spam emails which could flock your inbox. All type of contacts can be imported through outlook or even Gmail. The mail also provides calendar and file storage to its users. However, the mail suffers from limited storage features and may require an alternative email address to receive the activation key. The fact that the mail does not make use of ads or offers various email settings, open for customization and changes, is enough to merit its inclusion in this list.

5. Tutanota

From the perspective of design and level of security, this mail provider is quite similar to Proton Mail. From sender to receiver, all emails are encrypted and can be decrypted only on the device. No one else can access the private encryption key. The web interface for the mail is quite easy to use and seamlessly easy to understand. The mail offers a separate interface for Android and iOS users and also provides up to 1 GB of storage space. The open source mail supports spam filters to keep your inbox clean. However, features such as alias and email rules are only available with paid accounts. Also, it is not possible to import contacts in bulk with this mail. The mail offers custom folders to organise messages and attachments. Most of the features in this mail are available only with the paid version though.
If your business is engaged in providing marketing assignment help and more such services, it will be beneficial for you to make use of these email services.

Since the turn of the 21st century, technology has been on an upward trajectory of improvement that no one saw coming. For that matter, who knows how good it will be in the near future? Another question that could be asked, given how much we use it and need it today is, how much of a need will it be going forward? The reason that question comes up is that some people are arguing we have become more dependent on it than we need it to be in our everyday lives. Nonetheless, we simply can't ignore that it has done wonders to our lives. From integrating itself in the cars we drive to the way we eat our food, technology is only going to become more detailed in its integration in our lives.
That said, one of the more interesting places that technology has shown itself in is education. More so than anything else, technology has allowed us to create resources that we need such as E-Learning tools, handbooks, and other forms of digital content just to name a few. Also, with how important reference books and illustrated guided have become in the education field, technology has also improved the way we produce, teach, and outsource these materials. Needless to say, there are way more examples that illustrate how crucial technology has been to the development of our education system. With all of this in mind, let's go over five more ways technology helps create resources for education.

5: Helps Create Authoring And Publishing Content Software

When it comes to education, one of the most, if not the most, important aspects of it is writing. More specifically, authoring or publishing an essential part of the overall development of education. Because of this, it comes as no surprise that technology has found a way to help create software for content creators through resources such as a HAT tool. In many ways, it has sped up the process in which valuable and informational content for education is distributed.

4: Allows For An Interactive Classroom Setting

Another obvious part of the education system is the classroom setting. Throughout history, a welcoming and enjoyable classroom setting has proven to be the best way for students and learners to become more interactive and productive overall. Well, as we could guess, technology has also found a way to make the classroom setting more engaging and interactive than ever. What this has resulted is the welcoming and enjoyable setting that then allows for more productivity from students.

3: It Helps Create Exam-Prep And Certification Material

As far as an education system in a school or business measures its success, a big part of it comes from how effective they are at getting high exam scores and certification rates. Of course, a good indicator that a class is doing well is that they have high scores and achievements in these two categories. That said, technology is now being used in a way where it can create accurate and effective exam-prep and certification material.

2: Can Be Implemented To Make Digital Grading Systems

With how important measuring exam scores are at determining the success of a classroom, another important aspect that goes along with that is grading systems. In other words, you can't measure exam scores accurately without determining and averaging grades first. Where technology comes into play in this scenario is that it helps create digital grading systems that can precisely average, curve, and produce a grade for a student. This way, a student knows exactly where they can improve themselves to help the overall success of the classroom.

1: It Allows For The Easy Access Of Updated Resources

Perhaps the most discussed topic in any education system is the ability to keep up with updated material. As a result of this, classrooms everywhere have been left with their own ways to try and solve this issue. At the very least, it's good that education systems across the nation are taking notice of this issue. Worth noting, this is even more important for education systems in businesses where upgraded material is a necessity. Nonetheless, technology is slowly but surely finding ways to allow for easy access to updated resources. In a perfect world, technology will improve to the point where only upgraded resources are being taught.

In the web design realm, the term Slider basically means the addition of a slideshow onto any one of the web pages on your site. There are numerous Wordpress slider plugin options, one can choose from these days that can give you the chance to come up with your own unique sliders as well as add what you've created onto posts, landing pages, home page or anywhere you feel it will fit best. You can use sliders on a variety of websites, however, you'll find that they are most commonly used on professional portfolio websites and business websites.

Anyway, one of the clearest benefits this particular feature has is that site owners can use it to put up all their important information in an interactive and visually appealing slideshow either at the top or at the bottom of the web page they choose to place it in. Good web hosting is key for interactive user experiences and JavaPipe is hard to beat when it comes to this, however, the addition of sliders can also help a great deal with inter-activeness as well. But, that's not all. It's also a great way to grab your visitors' attention. Herein-below are a few reasons why you still need to consider placing sliders on to your website.

1. More info on less space

Great responsibilities usually come along with business websites. And, if you want your website to run efficiently, then you'll definitely need to familiarize yourself with space conservation and its importance. Arguably one of the most obvious reasons why many people opt for sliders on their website is because this feature allows them to put up more content, whether it's product information or company USPs, in way less space than usual. This activity is mainly useful when it comes to bettering communication between you and your target audience.

2. Helps keep visitors engaged

Another very important reason that's attached to using sliders on your website is that it greatly helps in catching the attention of your visitors, which, in turn, helps keep them hooked and glued to your site for longer periods of time. And, isn't that usually what everyone wants for their website? When users stumble onto your site while they're surfing the internet, they might just stick around and take a glance on all the slides you provide them with. They may even end up scrolling through your other web pages as well because of those slides. Generally, this occurs when the slides you put up happen to be both attractive and beautiful.

3. Draws attention to the call-to-action buttons

In this day and age, the vitality of CTA or Call-To-Action button features are simply undeniable and with slider features on your web pages, you have the ability to display all your top-selling products and services as well as place Call-To-Action buttons in very visible locations on the site. What's even better is that when the CTAs are placed above the fold they become so much more beneficial than they regularly would. In scenarios such as these, diverting the attention of users to the buttons becomes way easier. You'll also have an opportunity to help get your other web pages more traction as well.

4. Visual appeal still matters too

If psychological aspects are things you believe in then you might find it very interesting to know that a lot of people tend to find visual media far much more attractive than its text counterparts. Furthermore, with the rapid rise in popularity when it comes to all things social media, the human brain has now been successfully trained to naturally gravitate towards picture content and, more recently, video content. What this generally means is that the people that visit your website are now going to be interested in seeing more images, and slider features can help you make this happen for them without having to cause too much trouble.

5. Best way to showcase your e-comm products

Another essential aspect that comes with displaying sliders on your web pages is that with them you'll now be able to give your site visitors a glimpse of the products you have available to them. It will allow you to show them the kind of stuff your website happens to be offering. Whether you want to showcase something that you may have just recently launched or whether it's products that are selling the most that you want to display to your users, there's a slider feature that can certainly fit all your needs and requirements.

However, when using sliders on your Wordpress site there are a couple of things you still need to carefully consider and keep in mind.

  • Sliders normally load the content as well as the images on the slides. Which means that they can sometimes cause your website to load a bit slower. Also, slider plugins often use JavaScript, such as JQuery and the like, which come loaded separately as scripts. Your page load speed will also be negatively impacted by this as well.
  • Another common issue that comes with using slider features on your WordPress site is concerning matters of mobile readiness. If a responsive theme is what you happen to be using on your WordPress website, then employing the use of non-responsive sliders in that particular site will break its layout on different screen sizes and devices. A few slider plugins will try as much as they can to minimize these shortcomings by using responsive slider designs as well as optimizing slider load speed.

Considering how rapidly sliders have been gaining popularity over the past few years or so, more and more sites are equally jumping on to the bandwagon and aggressively employing the use of such features. Almost every single site owner online is trying to find out how they can incorporate them into their websites in one way or another. Most plugin options will give you the ability to place them anywhere you'd like on your site and not just on the home page like many people have grown fond of doing. They have certainly become the way of the future no doubt and now you know. So, is there any reason to get left behind anymore?

If you have heard somewhere that emails are one of the most insecure means of communicating, then you have heard the brutal truth. This is because your email can be intercepted and read without you even knowing it.

Most people send information through their normal Gmail, Yahoo, and Outlook accounts. In fact, by signing in to your Gmail account, you allow Google to scan your emails for keywords and target you with product personalization ads.

Did you know that companies like Google, Yahoo, and Outlook would hand over your email data to the Feds without hesitation? Lots of sensitive information can be found in your email account, so they should at least be secure from unauthorized success.

Here are some of the most secure email services you can use to transmit your most sensitive information:

1. CounterMail

CounterMail's mission is to provide the most secure online mail service that is simple to use, and that is what they have achieved. Its servers are located in Sweden. The servers are diskless, which means that nobody can read any incoming or outgoing email traffic. It is also the only mail provider that offers 100% transparency on how its security system works.
It also has a purchasable USB key option to provide an extra layer of security to your email account. This feature enables you to decrypt any encrypted emails from CounterMail's servers. With this USB key, it is only you who can access your email account too.

2. ProtonMail

It is considered as one of the best secure email providers in the industry. Its servers are based in Switzerland, and they offer complete end-to-end encryption.
It is also user–friendly and setting up your account is as easy as that of Gmail. It is free to create a ProtonMail account, but to upgrade it to a more secure level, you will have to pay 5-8 dollars each month.

3. HushMail

HushMail is user-friendly and provides a secure emailing environment for personal and business use. However, its data servers are based in Canada, where privacy laws were first implemented 20 years ago and have never been updated. It is also not compatible with MacOS. HushMail is available for 49.98 dollars per year and has a 14-day free trial when you sign-up.

4. Tutanota

Unlike HushMail, Tutanota is available on all types of operating systems from Android, iOS, Windows, and more. Tutanota focuses on providing an easy to use and very secure application.
Its servers are in Germany, where the privacy laws of that country will be applicable when handling you as their client. This application is free like Gmail; however, to upgrade to the more secure level, you will have to incur costs.

5. RunBox

It is a Norwegian-based email service provider. This means that your data is protected by Norway's privacy laws. They have a great Customer Care service that is available 24/7 to help you solve any problems you encounter.
It also has a feature known as Integration Functionality which enables you to safely copy all the data from your Gmail and Outlook accounts into your new RunBox account. It has an end to end encryption that ensures that your information is safe.

6. Kolab Now

The servers of Kolab Now are located in Switzerland where privacy laws are tight. So if you have an email account with Kolab Now, then your data will be kept safe.
It also offers complete integration with email service providers, which allows you to copy data from other providers into your new Kolab Now account. The minimum cost is 4.99 dollars per month, and the prices rise with additional features.

7. Mailfence

The servers of Mailfence are based in Belgium, meaning that your data is protected by the privacy laws of Belgium.
It has AES-256bit End-to-End Encryption, which means that your data is protected from unauthorized interception as it is being sent. Its only disadvantage is the limited storage for all the plans that it has. It also has a free account available without ads.

8. Posteo

Posteo is a German-mail service provider with affordable price plans. Your data is protected by one of the best privacy laws in Europe.
It has features such as entirely anonymous sign-up and encrypted servers. It does not have a free package, and instead, its cheapest plan costs 1.23 dollars per month.

Extra Steps to Increase Email Security

A VPN (Virtual private network) can enhance your privacy when using an email account by replacing your IP Address and masking your location. Therefore, if you are using an anonymous email account, your Internet Service Provider or any other snoopers will not be able to link your identity to that account.

It is also highly recommended that you use a strong unique password and two-factor authentication if possible for each email account.

So, if you are looking for absolute privacy and security of your email data, then Gmail, Outlook, and Yahoo are not the best providers for you. To keep your emails safe from hackers and other unauthorized entities, then you should choose one of the secure Mail-service providers mentioned above. We believe that CounterMail is currently the best and most secure email service provider in the market.

CCNP stands for Cisco Certified Network Professional. It is a more advanced level of certification than CCNA. It requires that the individuals have already earnedCCNA or any CCIE credentials. The individuals will attain thorough knowledge about planning, performing, verifying, and troubleshooting wide area networks. Furthermore, it is the certificate that is valued and can bring some advantages for you in your current job and future career. Even people who have prior networking experience may benefit from this. They can use it to evolve their knowledge and become network engineers/technicians, support/systems engineers.

Benefits of Cisco CCNP certification

There are a number of benefits that anyone who has the credential receives. Cisco is a well-renowned certification provider that is also recognized globally. The average known salary for a CCNP certified individual starts from $41,022 and ranges up to $133,590 depending on factors involving experience and skills.
Apart from getting great jobs that are related to the field of Cisco networking, you can have more impressive certificates to add to your resume and personal portfolio. It can even work wonders for your current job since it is an in-demand credential. You can potentially get pay raises based on your added skill set. You will be able to work with physical and virtualized networks. You can also have job roles, such as a Network Engineer, a System Administrator, or even a Network Technician.

In addition, one of the greatest benefits regarding CCNP Routing and Switching is the fact that there is no order to sit for the exams. This means that each person can dedicate an amount of time to create a good study plan and learn thoroughly for each test individually to start from the one that seems to be easier.

Exams for Cisco CCNP R&S certification

Although all CCNP certificates require the candidates to take four exams, CCNP Routing and Switching does not. The process consists of three exams, which are 300-115 SWITCH, 300-101 ROUTE, and 300-135 TSHOOT. The passing score in all three tests is required. The first exam, 300-101 ROUTE, will have about 45-65 questions, and you will have 120 minutes for this test. The question types included are not only multiple choice but also simulation, drag and drops, testlet and simlet. The second exam, 300-115 SWITCH, contains 30-40 questions, and the time allotted is 120 minutes. Lastly, the third test, 300-135 TSHOOT, has 15-25 questions and also 120 minutes to complete. The tests can be written in two languages: English and Japanese. The order is not strict, and you can choose which test you would like to write first. When you pass the three exams, you will prove that you have a few skills mastered during your preparation. These abilities involve working with complex IP addresses along with routing techniques in securing Cisco routers. Some of the routers that you implement on include IPV6, LANs, and WANs.

Re-certification process

Each certificate an individual achieves has an expiry date. As for CCNP, this is 3 years from when you take the exam. This concept is encouraged because it helps the students who have already had the credential keep recalling each course. This helps their concepts learned be remembered. Hence, it's an ever going process of learning and retaking tests. Therefore, the books you purchase or the courses you take won't go to waste after the exam is passed.

Exam preparation resources

There are several unique and interesting ways to study and practice for your Cisco test. Some of the largely recommended methods include practice tests, lab training, exam simulators, books, online courses. In the tech-savvy era of the modern day and especially for a network professional, utilizing all the facilities available for studying is mandatory and beneficial. Pay attention to one of the most reliable websites, PrepAway.
PrepAway has several features specially designed for people pursuing different types of certifications. Since the Cisco credentials are to be renewed after every 3 years and require rather difficult exams, people who opt for them must take help from every source they can. Luckily, PrepAwayhas a few methods you can try. Online tutorials on the website will give you a clearer understanding of the concepts. There is also a range of exam questions you can use to test your understanding and assess yourself. With the PrepAway study materials, the whole process will be more pleasant than usual cramming.
To provide more convenience, PrepAway allows you download tests that you can view and take anywhere you like. They have a great deal of exams for the Cisco certifications. You can purchase the study guides and training courses along with a premium file for a very affordable price. This bundle includes 3 products for each test. You can also buythem individually. In general, PrepAway deserves your attention because the materials there are updated and really help the exam candidates all over the world. Just try to be convinced.


A lot of lab work is required to get CCNP. This also means that you need a proper training before attempting the exams. Certain websites may provide outdated exam dumps, which won't be great for you to practice with. However, websites such as PrepAway who have the most recent and authentic questions and braindumps can be used to pass your tests easily and faster. This type of certification demonstrates more advanced skills, which are greatly respected. Since these exams are not easy to pass, acquiring the CCNP certificate automaticallyleads you to a higher level. You will be offered much more well-paying positions in large companies that can provide you with the job security. Thus, CCNP Routing and Switching is a great step for your career in networking.

If you need to buy Windows or Microsoft Office software for home and office computers, we’ll tell you how to save up to 30%. The main thing is to enter the correct store and use our promotional codes.

Where to buy a license for Windows?
The correct store in this case is GoodOffer24. He has been selling software licenses and video game keys for more than 10 years, and, as the name implies, prices are usually lower here than in most online stores. This can be seen now by visiting the site. But even the prices you see are not final. With our promotional codes, even from them you will receive a discount of up to 30%.

The 20% discount on the Anoob20 promo code is valid for the following products (discount price) :

The maximum discount of 30% for Anoob30 promo code is valid for two products:

How to buy Windows cheap?

Select the product you need in the “Software” store section. Click “Add to Cart”.

After that, go to the cart and click on the button “Apply Coupon” (Apply Coupon). In the Discount Codes field, enter the appropriate code - Anoob20 or Anoob30.
Finally, proceed to checkout by clicking on the button.

After registration and payment of the order, the license code of Windows 10 or Office, as well as the link to download the product, will come to you in an email.
Make sure that you send the product for your platform using the link you sent - 32 or 64-bit. After downloading, start the installation and enter the key sent to you.
By the way, on the site you can also buy keys for games on the Xbox and on Steam, as well as some licensed games at a discount. You can run through the site - there are many interesting things for gamers.

openshot video editor
OpenShot video editor is a free, cross-platform and open-source video editor, released under GNU General Public License version 3. OpenShot video editing software lets you create clips with your videos, audio tracks and photos. OpenShot video editor lets you add effects, transitions and sub-titles. It can export to many common formats such as Mp4, Mp3, WebM, DVD, YouTube and so on. OpenShot is written primarily in Python, with a GTK+ interface, and uses the MLT framework, FFmpeg, and Blender to power many of the advanced features. The latest release version 2.4.4 brings huge performance and stability improvements, along with some major bug fixes, lots of polish, and many new features.

Wine lets you run Windows software on other operating systems. With Wine, you can install and run these applications just like you would in Windows. Wine enables Linux, Mac, FreeBSD, and Solaris users to run Windows applications without a copy of Microsoft Windows. Wine is free software under constant development. Other platforms may benefit as well. The new release carries new features and bugs fixes.

  • Support for builtin libraries in PE format even on Unix.
  • Updated version of the Mono engine.
  • More implementation of the Debug Engine DLL.
  • Support for the Command Link standard control.
  • Improved Edit control sizing in CJK locales.
  • Various bug fixes.

Install Winehq 4.7 via Official Repository in Ubuntu 19.04 Disco/18.10 Cosmic/18.04 Bionic/16.04 Xenial/14.04 Trusty/Linux Mint 19/18/17 open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:

That's it

Canonical announced the latest version of Ubuntu 19.04 Disco Dingo, along with other flavors. This version features ships with the latest GNOME desktop 3.32, Linux kernel 5.0, OpenJDK 11 is the default JRE/JDK, boost 1.67, rustc 1.31, and updated GCC 8.3, optional GCC 9, Python 3.7.3 as default, ruby 2.5.5, php 7.2.15, perl 5.28.1, golang 1.10.4: "Codenamed 'Disco Dingo', 19.04 continues Ubuntu's proud tradition of integrating the latest and greatest open source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution. The team has been hard at work through this cycle, introducing new features and fixing bugs. The Ubuntu kernel has been updated to the 5.0 based Linux kernel, our default toolchain has moved to gcc 8.3 with glibc 2.29, and we've also updated to openssl 1.1.1b and gnutls 3.6.5 with TLS1.3 support. Ubuntu Desktop 19.04 introduces GNOME 3.32 with increased performance, smoother startup animations, quicker icon load times and reduced CPU+GPU load. Fractional scaling for HiDPI screens is now available in Xorg and Wayland. Ubuntu Server 19.04 integrates recent innovations from key open infrastructure projects like OpenStack Stein, Kubernetes, and Ceph with advanced life-cycle management for multi-cloud and on-prem operations, from bare metal, VMware and OpenStack to every major public cloud..." You can checkout complete release announcement and release notes.

  • Linux Kernel 5.0
  • Gnome 3.32 Stack
  • GTK 3.32 Support
  • AMD Radeon RX Vega M graphics processor
  • Default applications of Ubuntu updated
  • GDM as the display manager
  • Driverless printing support
  • LibreOffice has been updated to 6.2.2 and Firefox 66.0
  • Emoji now show in color in most apps. Keyboard shortcuts for the emoji input chooser are Ctrl+. or Ctrl+;
  • Ubuntu 19.04 comes with the latest open-vm-tools version
  • Many changes and bug fixes under the hood


Ubuntu 19.04 Disco

PC 64bit - Ubuntu-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (2.0 GB, torrent)
Download - VMware and VirtualBox Images

Ubuntu Server 19.04 Disco

PC 64bit - Ubuntu-19.04-server-amd64.iso (812MB, torrent)

Ubuntu 19.04 (NetBoot)


Ubuntu Cloud 19.04 Disco


Kubuntu 19.04 Disco

PC 64bit - Kubuntu-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (torrent)
Download - VMware and VirtualBox Images

Ubuntu Mate 19.04 Disco

PC 64bit - Ubuntu-Mate-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (torrent)
Download - VMware and VirtualBox Images

Lubuntu 19.04 Disco

PC 64bit - Lubuntu-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (torrent)
Download - VMware and VirtualBox Images

Ubuntu Studio 19.04 Disco

PC 64bit - UbuntuStudio-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (torrent)
Download - VMware and VirtualBox Images

Xubuntu 19.04 Disco

PC 64bit - Xubuntu-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (torrent)
Download - VMware and VirtualBox Images

Ubuntu Budgie 19.04 Disco

PC 64bit - Ubuntu-Budgie-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (torrent)
Download - VMware and VirtualBox Images

Ubuntu Kylin 19.04 Disco

PC 64bit - UbuntuKylin-19.04-desktop-amd64.iso (torrent)

Kodi project recently announced the latest version Kodi 18.2 'Leila'. If you don't know what Kodi is then let us tell you some words about this media center. It is an open-source, free and cross-platform multimedia center, it is considered an ideal solution for home theater and can be used in various situations.
Kodi has wide support for audio and video formats. Another interesting feature is it allows you to do network playback, so you can stream your multimedia from anywhere in the house or directly from the internet using practically any protocol available. You can play CDs and DVDs from the disc or image file, also supports almost all popular archive formats from your hard drive, and even files inside ZIP and RAR archives.
Kodi can scan all media and automatically create a personalized library complete with covers, descriptions, and art. There are playlist and slideshow functions, a weather forecast feature and many audio visualizations.

Changelog of 18.2:

  • Added support for a generic DRM/KMS implementation using GBM to create surfaces and V4L2 for video acceleration
  • Added support for Mir windowing system (Mir 1.0) for Kodi[153] and added support for VAAPI on Mir using DRM
  • Added support for the middle mouse button on embedded platforms
  • Added support more yuv420p bitwidths for direct rendering on Linux
  • Added support for using VAAPI hardware video decoding with OpenGL ES
  • Added support for build Kodi with imx support using CMake
  • Moved the CMake build system to the top of the code tree (moved to root)
  • Improved support for UltraHD decoding / 4K resolution output when hardware supports it
  • Improved ARM processor architecture
  • Improved OpenGL ES and EGL support
  • Improved VAAPI (Video Acceleration API) support (requires VAAPI compatible hardware and drivers)
  • Improved VDPAU (NVIDIA) Hardware Video Acceleration (requires VDPAU compatible hardware and drivers)
  • Improved XvBA (AMD/ATI) Hardware Video Acceleration (requires XvBA compatible hardware and drivers)
  • Improved dedicated AMLCodec hardware accelerated video decoding support for Linux on Amlogic devices
  • Removed the unused and unmaintained OpenMAX video decoder from Kodi's VideoPlayer
  • Removed support for autotools based build system for Kodi and binary addons (in favour of CMake)
  • Added player process info dialog to Kodi's default skin

How to Install Kodi 18.2 Leia in Ubuntu/Linux Mint/derivatives:

Kodi 18.0 Available for Ubuntu 19.2 Disco/18.10 Cosmic/18.04 Bionic/16.04 Xenial/Linux Mint 19/18/other related Ubuntu derivatives, Kodi 17 is available for Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty/Linux Mint 17
To install Kodi 18.2 in Ubuntu/Linux Mint open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:

Addons (such as PVR) available for Kodi, use package name with sudo apt-get install command to install addon.
PVR Package Name Description
kodi-pvr-dev Kodi Media Center (PVR Add-on Dev package)
kodi-pvr-argustv Kodi PVR Addon Argustv
kodi-pvr-demo Kodi PVR Demo Addon
kodi-pvr-dvbviewer Kodi PVR Addon Dvbviewer
kodi-pvr-iptvsimple Kodi PVR Iptv Addon
kodi-pvr-mediaportal-tvserver Kodi PVR Addon Mediaportal Tvserver
kodi-pvr-mythtv Kodi PVR Addon MythTv - Cmyth
kodi-pvr-nextpvr Kodi PVR Addon NextPvr
kodi-pvr-njoy Kodi PVR Addon Njoy
kodi-pvr-tvheadend-hts Kodi PVR Addon TvHeadend Hts
kodi-pvr-vdr-vnsi Kodi PVR Addon VDR Vnsi
kodi-pvr-vuplus Kodi PVR Addon Vuplus
kodi-pvr-dvblink DVBLink PVR
kodi-pvr-filmon FilmOn PVR
kodi-pvr-hts TVHeadEnd PVR
kodi-pvr-pctv PCTV PVR
kodi-pvr-stalker Stalker PVR
kodi-pvr-vbox VBox Home TV Gateway PVR client
kodi-pvr-wmc WMC PVR
shairplay Free portable AirPlay server implementation

Kodi is also available for Android.

Univention Corporate Server (UCS) provides a shared trust and security context called a domain. This means, the members of the domain know and trust each other. To get access to resources and services provided within the domain, users and computers have to join the domain.
Linux clients, such as Ubuntu and its derivates, could be joined to a UCS domain for a long time, but it always involved a rather long process of copying commands from the Univention documentation to the command line of the involved systems.

In April of 2018 Univention released the new "Ubuntu Domain Join Assistant" which provides both a graphical interface, making the whole join process a lot easier and time-saving, but also a CLI tool to automate the domain join of many Ubuntu clients.
Let‘s get started – the graphical way:
Let‘s assume we just installed a Univention Corporate Server in the current version of 4.3 and a plain Ubuntu 18.04 client – both with an out-of-the-box feature set and without any modifications. Using the optional software component "DHCP server" in UCS is not strictly necessary, but recommended.

Now log in to your Ubuntu client with a user. To install in Ubuntu 18.04/16.04/14.04/Linux Mint 19/18/17 open Terminal (Press Ctrl+Alt+T) and copy the following commands in the Terminal:

univention corporate server
In this article, we will take a look at Univention Corporate Server (UCS) and It is also sort of brief tutorial on UCS. Before we get into it, lets talk about an overview.

1: Overview

First, what is Univention Corporate Server (UCS)? It is an enterprise Linux distribution that is built by Univention. It is their goal to simplify the access to applications and devices for organizations and Univention heavily uses Open Source software for that. Basically, this involves three core topics:
  • A central identity management system
  • An app store-like environment for applications
  • And, of course, IT infrastructure and device management
All this is brought together into one product called Univention Corporate Server.

All browsers are not the same when it comes to online security. There has been a lot of discussion in the past couple of years about how to stay safe online, and people have begun wondering just how secure their web browsers are.

One of the most important components of browser security is how quickly vulnerabilities are fixed. Any browser is liable to being hacked using new exploits, so it’s important that fixes are made promptly and sent out to users before they risk being exposed.
Many people who are aware of online security issues are already using tools like VPNs (Virtual Private Networks) and antivirus packages, which are important defences for keeping yourself secure online. However, some browsers can undermine that extra security.

A notable risk in browsers that is especially pertinent to VPN users is WebRTC IP leaking. WebRTC (Web Real Time Communication) is a framework for letting websites easily send peer-to-peer audio and video, but it’s also a security risk as it can reveal users’ IP addresses even from behind a VPN. If you’re worried that this or any other issue is posing a threat to your data, read on to find out the security pros and cons of some of the most popular browser options.

Mozilla Firefox

Firefox is favoured by a lot of security-minded users because it is open-source software managed by a non-profit company, so there is less opportunity or incentive for it to track its users.

Regular browser updates in Firefox are sent out every couple of months. However, when new vulnerabilities are discovered, Mozilla promises to release ‘hotfixes’ in less than a day.

Firefox has a built-in setting to disable WebRTC, as well as numerous extensions for improving your online security such as NoScript which allows you to disable scripts on every webpage other than those you trust.

Firefox also comes with built-in Do Not Track functionality, and container options so that you can open notoriously snoop-focused apps like Facebook in their own silo without access to the rest of your device. It also offers an insecure password warning if a site might be able to steal your data, and comes with built-in phishing and malware protection.

Verdict: rapid updates and a raft of defences as standard make this the most secure of the best-known browsers.

Google Chrome

Since its first release in 2009, Google Chrome has steadily grown to become the most popular browser by a wide margin. On desktop, Chrome now commands almost 70% of market share.

Initially there was much skepticism about Chrome’s security, since Google makes a lot of its money from its users’ information. However, while Chrome collects information just like other Google services, it has also introduced powerful security features like in-built protection against malware and phishing, as well as a Do Not Track feature.

Chrome was the first major browser to start sandboxing tabs, meaning that the browser ‘engine’ - the part that fetches and displays web pages - doesn’t have any access to system commands. This makes the browser hard to hack, and has given it a reputation for security.

Chrome also receives updates more often than any other browser. Since Chrome is the biggest kid on the block it’s also of most interest to hackers, so having a high update frequency with patches for exploits is important.

However, while Chrome is otherwise fairly secure, there is no option to turn off WebRTC. It can be disabled with extensions, such as WebRTC Control, but VPN users would do well to double check that their IP is not being leaked. To check if WebRTC is leaking your IP address in Chrome, use a free tool like HMA!’s WebRTC leak checker.

Verdict: secure enough for most people’s daily web use. Joint VPN and Chrome users will want to make sure they either disable WebRTC, or switch to a VPN provider that offers built-in WebRTC leak blocking.

Apple Safari

Individual tabs in Safari are not sandboxed, but Safari itself, like all official apps on MacOS, is sandboxed by the operating system.

Safari wins serious security points for its anti-phishing filters and optional pop-up blocking, but does have security weaknesses. It rarely updates, and in 2018 was the least updated of any available browser.

The most recent update did include patches for major flaws that were allowing password spoofing and auto-filled data theft, but currently WebRTC can’t be turned off in Safari even when using extensions.

Verdict: recent patches have made Safari a much more secure option that it used to be. However, VPN users will need to ensure that their VPN is blocking WebRTC leaks while using this browser.

Microsoft Edge

When Microsoft revealed the successor to Internet Explorer (IE), they promised that it would address the security concerns that many had with its predecessor. Removing ActiveX and other tools that were often the source of exploits was a good start, but Edge is still far from the most secure browser.

Edge usually receives updates on a monthly or near-monthly basis. This is on the longer side of what is considered a good update frequency to fix vulnerabilities before they affect too many users, but is more frequent by far than Safari.

There is no way to disable WebRTC in Edge natively or with extensions, so VPN users should be wary of using this browser.

Verdict: while there are improvements over IE, Microsoft’s new browser is still not as secure as its competitors.

Avast Secure Browser

Avast Secure Browser was created by Avast, the company known for its antivirus software. While fairly new and not well-known, the browser comes with some helpful security features.

Avast Secure Browser is based on Chromium, the open source project that Chrome is also built on. When the Chromium code base gets updated with security fixes, they can be rolled out to all the browsers involved in the project. Avast Secure Browser should get security updates as quickly as Chrome, though in the past other Chromium-based browsers have often lagged behind Google’s own browser by an update or two.

WebRTC can be turned off in Avast Secure Browser using the Adblock feature. In addition to Adblock, there are also other built-in security tools such as anti-tracking and anti-phishing features built in to the browser.

Verdict: a secure option, with some great extra features.


The TOR browser is part of The Onion Router project, which disguises web traffic by routing it through their network of servers. TOR has gained a reputation as the ultimate browser for online privacy, but it does have its limitations. TOR can be incredibly slow due to web traffic passing through multiple servers, and without a VPN your web traffic can still be intercepted between your computer and the TOR network.

TOR releases updates every couple of weeks or so, though since TOR routes traffic through its servers, there is less chance of exploits providing access to users’ computers in the first place.

There is no support for WebRTC in TOR, so you should not be at risk of IP leaks.

Verdict: the most secure browser, though too slow for regular use.