Passwords are the typical way of authentication. People create passwords to access any content online. It is also important to protect their accounts from third parties. But are passwords reliable? Our answer is negative.

Although so many websites or application force users to create strong passwords that are made up of digits, letters, and symbols and robust password security, passwords can be insufficient to provide total security. The reason for this is the improving encryption methods that are used by hackers. Hacking a password and encrypting it is not a big deal to many cyber-criminal.

Drawbacks of Passwords

  • Being easily stolen is not the only drawback of passwords. Sometimes people can forget their passwords and can not reach their accounts. It can affect the user and the customer experience in a bad manner.
  • In a large scaled organization, it is hard for IT specialists to manage whole password circulation and be sure of their safety. It is known that the majority of employees reuse passwords and put their companies’ security on the line.
  • Another disadvantage is that even if people think their passwords are unpredictable, due to the increasing number of accounts, almost all passwords became presumable. There are so many similar password combinations available.

So, we can clearly say that passwords are not effective as we thought.

Since passwords are not adequate to protect online security, different methods came into play. We call them password alternatives. Yes, they are regarded as an alternative but they do not exterminate password usage at all. You can consider them as support which are strengthen network safety in addition to passwords.

Password Alternatives That You Can Consider

● Two-Factor Authentication (2FA)

You may have heard of two-factor authentication. Using only passwords means one-factor authentication. All you need to do is type the right password. On the other hand, in a 2FA, you should do one more authentication to prove that you are that person.

The second authentication can be in different ways. For instance, to identify the user identity, some system asks for a code that is sent via telephone message or e-mail. After typing the password you should enter the right code that is sent to your e-mail or phone. When two-step has been passed, you can access what you intended to.

In some platforms, they ask users queries to obtain a correct answer. Users define these answers when they create an account. What is your first pet’s name or your favorite singer are the example questions. In the access moment, the user should answer queries correctly to reach the network.

● Multi-factor Authentication (MFA)

Multi-factor authentication is a prominent password alternative. As you can infer from the name, it takes two or more steps to authenticate an identity. Compared to 2FA, it is quite demanding and takes more time than 2FA. But the more authentication is hard the more your network is safe. So, even if the MFA method seems time-consuming and sometimes causes slowdowns, it is an indispensable way to prevent the network from threats.

In multi-factor authentication, users should persuade the system by using several methods. For instance, to confirm identity, users should enter a password, answer a security question, and fingerprint scan. Authentication methods can be combined in different forms in multi-factor authentication.

You can see the most common MFA factors below:

● Fingerprint Scan, Iris Scan, and Face ID

Fingerprint authentication is used commonly and we can consider it a remarkable way to replace or support passwords. In some workstations, employers use this method to monitor employees.

Iris scan and Face ID are also popular among workplaces and when it comes to digital tools such as tablets, smartphones, and monitors these methods are indispensable. Alongside the passwords, Face ID and Iris Scan can be used for robust network security.

● Cryptographic Devices

Cryptographic devices stand for user possessions such as tokens, smart USBs, and security keys. To access the definite resource or network, these tools should contact the device directly and instantly.

In comparison to security questions or passwords, it is much safer in terms of online security. Even if a hacker or malicious person encrypts a user password or guesses some answers; it is hard for them to obtain cryptographic devices and cause unpermitted access. You can consider these devices as almost impenetrable walls.

Which One is Better: Two-factor Authentication or Multi-factor Authentication?

Both methods have their own advantages so MFA vs 2FA is a tough decision. MFA is preferable if security is your prior concern and you are ready to sacrifice some time and labor for it. On the other hand, 2FA can be more practical for your organization.

Consider how your production may be affected if you choose MFA. If you do not have so much private data and vulnerable resources, you may consider 2FA and it may be sufficient to grant you protection. Whatever alternative method you choose, you can be sure that it is better than a single password.

In Conclusion

Password security is an erupting concern even in our daily lives. To eliminate the drawbacks of passwords there are alternative ways that organizations can give a chance. Especially when it comes to medium and large-sized organizations, password security becomes a huge problem.

Always remember that protecting company resources and private data must be your priority. To succeed in online protection, authentication methods should be robust and reliable. Trusting only a single password is not a smart idea in such a threatful digital world. Keep up with the digital era and give a try latest password alternatives.

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